The High Renaissance is rooted in the Italian art that developed at the end of the Middle Ages. It was fully present in all the arts of the day, and was in conflict with the nationalist schools of painting and architecture in all European countries. The High Renaissance reaches a culmination in the XVI century, marking a return to the artistic values of the antiquity.
After a first wave consisting of artists like Brunelleschi, Alberti Bramante, Donatello, Verrochio, Pollaiuolo, Fra Angelico, and Giovanni Bellini, there came names like Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, Raphael and Titian.
The High Renaissance was also paralleled by the literature of the XV and XVI century, through Ariosto, Machiavelli, de Bembo.
It was also the age of the great patrons of the arts. Lorenzo de Medici, Ludovico Sforza, popes Julius II, Leon X, and Alexander VI funded and encouraged artists and writers alike.
The High Renaissance is not only a style, fashion of the arts; it precluded the dawn of Rationalism in Europe, it eroded the principles of authority and autarchy by way of glorifying the individual. It fought dogmas, and ultimately led to the religious crisis of the Reformation.