Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510)

By real name Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, Sandro Botticelli was born around the year 1445 in Florence and died on May 17 1510, Florence.

Considered one of the greatest early Renaissance artists, Sandro Botticelli is know for the beauty and pathos of his characters, many of them populating mythological scenes, as well as biblical and Christian themes.

The figures of his compositions feature lines precisely drawn, well balanced group distributions (a characteristic of the age) and a profound emotional story attached to each face, denoting ambivalence, doubt or anxiety, even in those religious paintings that were supposed to be filled with rapture and serenity.

Thus Botticelli is using a double language, a double code, that of gracious compositions, and that of portraiture charged with vague psychological energies, something between sadness, anxiety, and uncertainty.

Among his most famous works we mention: "Primavera" (1482, hosted at the Uffizi, Florence), "The Birth of Venus" (1485, Uffizi, Florence), "The Story of Nastagio degli Onesti" (1483, Museo del Prado, Madrid), and "Venus and Mars" (1483, National Gallery, London).

e.g. Tintoretto, Pieta, etc.